Contrary to popular beliefs in general, fat and many kinds, is not entirely bad. In fact, they are important, among others for metabolism and regulation of body temperature. One of these fats is triglycerides.
Triglycerides are one type of fat carried in the bloodstream and are also substances stored in the tissues as a result of the conversion of most types of fat in the body.
When we eat, the body will automatically store unused calories in fat cells as triglycerides, and is used as a reserve of energy for the body. Actually triglycerides in the blood not only comes from food or beverages consumed, but by itself the body can produce triglycerides as a source of energy. It is therefore important to keep the calorie intake in the body, so as not to overdo it and will be at risk of having high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia).
Levels of triglycerides in the body can be known by doing blood tests. Here’s the triglyceride range:
-Normal: less than 150 mg / dL
-High limit: 150 to 199 mg / dL
-Height: 200 to 499 mg / dL
-Very high: 500 mg / dL or above
To obtain accurate measurement results, usually required to fast for 9-12 hours before the blood test is done.
The amount of triglycerides can be said to be high if it exceeds 150 mg / dl. Everyone can have a high amount of triglycerides, but there are some groups of people at high risk of experiencing them. First is a person who has had heart disease before he was 50 years old. Second, adult women are more at risk than adult males. Especially women who are pregnant or taking estrogen hormone drugs. Last is a group of people who have excessive weight or obesity.
When suffering from hypertriglyceridemia, have a greater risk of atherosclerosis (thickening of artery walls or hardening of the arteries). If suffering from this condition, then chances for stroke, heart disease and heart attacks increased significantly. High triglycerides are often a sign of other diseases such as obesity, pancreatitis, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, hypothyroidism, liver disease, uncontrolled diabetes, kidney disease or adverse reactions to certain drugs.